AA 2024 T651

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Description

Aluminum AA 2024, known for its use in aircraft industry, is an alloy that offers excellent strength. When in the annealed condition it is readily formed and has good machinability. Though it has a relatively low level of corrosion resistance, it can be machined to a high finish.

Equivalent Materials

This material data has been provided by MakeItFrom.com,ASM Handbook Volume 2 Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials.

All metrics apply to room temperature unless otherwise stated. SI units used unless otherwise stated.
Equivalent standards are similar to one or more standards provided by the supplier. Some equivalent standards may be stricter whereas others may be outside the bounds of the original standard.

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Properties

General

PropertyValueCondition

Density

3.0 g/cm³

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T651

2.78 g/cm³

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T651

Mechanical

PropertyTemperatureValueConditionComment

Elastic modulus

73.0 GPa

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T651

Elongation

4.6 %

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T651

370 °C

100 %

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T651

Elongation in 50 mm

315 °C

75 %

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T651

Elongation in 50 mm

260 °C

55 %

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T651

Elongation in 50 mm

205 °C

27 %

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T651

Elongation in 50 mm

150 °C

17 %

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T651

Elongation in 50 mm

100 °C, 24 °C, 0 °C, -80 °C

10 %

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T651

Elongation in 50 mm

-195 °C

11 %

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T651

Elongation in 50 mm

Plane-Strain Fracture Toughnes

22.0 - 35.0 MPa·√m

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Typical for Wrought 2000 Series Aluminium

Poisson's ratio

0.33 [-]

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Typical for Wrought 2000 Series Aluminium

Shear modulus

28.0 GPa

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T651

Tensile strength

490.0 MPa

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T651

370 °C

35 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

315 °C

52 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

260 °C

75 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

205 °C

180 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

150 °C

310 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

100 °C

448 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

24 °C

475 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

0 °C

483 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

-80 °C

495 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

-195 °C

580 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

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Yield strength

360.0 MPa

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T651

370 °C

28 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

315 °C

41 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

260 °C

62 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

205 °C

131 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

150 °C

248 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

100 °C

372 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

24 °C

393 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

0 °C

400 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

-80 °C

407 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

-195 °C

469 MPa

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T651

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

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Thermal

PropertyValueCondition

Coefficient of thermal expansion

2.3e-05 1/K

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T651

Melting point

500.0 °C

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T651

Specific heat capacity

870.0 J/(kg·K)

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T651

Thermal conductivity

120.0 W/(m·K)

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T651

Electrical

PropertyValueComment

Electrical conductivity

18000000.0 - 30000000.0 S/m

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Typical for Wrought 2000 Series Aluminium

Electrical resistivity

3.4e-08 - 6e-08 Ω·m

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Typical for Wrought 2000 Series Aluminium

Chemical properties

PropertyValueCondition

Aluminium

90.7 - 94.7 %

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T651

Chromium

0.1 %

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T651

Copper

3.8 - 4.9 %

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T651

Iron

0.5 %

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T651

Magnesium

1.2 - 1.8 %

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T651

Manganese

0.3 - 0.9 %

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T651

Other

0.15 %

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T651

Silicon

0.5 %

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T651

Titanium

0.15 %

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T651

Zinc

0.25 %

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T651

Zirconium

0.2 %

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T651

Technological properties

Property
Workability

Moderate Workability