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Lithium Foil 99.9% Purity (LI000260)

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Description

Lithium is a soft, silver metal, and is the first member of the alkali group of metals. It is the lightest of all metals and, whilst resembling sodium chemically, it is less active. As is the case for other alkali group elements, it is obtained by the electrolysis of the fused halides.


The abundance of lithium in the earth's crust is 20 ppm. Lithium reacts slowly in water and in air where it eventually forms a black coating of oxide. This means that this metal tends to be stored under oil to prevent deterioration.

Properties

Electrical

Electrical resistivity ρel

9.29E-8 Ω·m at 20 °C

Temperature coefficient of resistance αres

4.35E-3 1/K at 20 °C

Thermal electromotive force EMF

1.82 mV at 20 °C

cold 0°C - hot 100°C

General

Density ρ

0.53 g/cm³ at 20 °C

Mechanical

Elastic modulus E

4.91 GPa at 20 °C

Hardness, Vickers HV

5 [-] at 20 °C

Poisson's ratio ν

0.36 [-] at 20 °C

Thermal

Boiling point Tb

1342 °C

Coefficient of thermal expansion α

5.6E-5 1/K at 100 °C

Latent heat of evaporation Levap

19600 J/g

Latent heat of fusion Lfusion

422 J/g

Melting point Tm

180.5 °C

Specific heat capacity cp

3560 J/(kg·K) at 20 °C

Thermal conductivity λ

84.8 W/(m·K) at 100 °C

Chemical properties

Element

Weight %

Comment

Li

-

balance

Na

8E-3 %

K

6E-3 %

Fe

5E-3 %

Cl

4E-3 %

More

Technological properties

Application areas

Lithium and its compounds find applications in the manufacture of glass and ceramics.

This material data has been provided by Goodfellow.

All metrics apply to room temperature unless otherwise stated. SI units used unless otherwise stated.
Equivalent standards are similar to one or more standards provided by the supplier. Some equivalent standards may be stricter whereas others may be outside the bounds of the original standard.