Iron

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Description

Iron is the most widely used metal, in part because of its natural abundance and low price. Its applications are as varied as are its different commonly used alloys. Pure iron rusts easily and cannot be used for applications in direct contact with air without a protective coating. However, many different alloys such as different grades of steel, impart hardness, flexibility, corrosion resistance and other properties to iron, rendering it one of the most versatile metals in engineering.

This material data has been provided by Matmatch.

All metrics apply to room temperature unless otherwise stated. SI units used unless otherwise stated.
Equivalent standards are similar to one or more standards provided by the supplier. Some equivalent standards may be stricter whereas others may be outside the bounds of the original standard.

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Properties

General

PropertyTemperatureValue

Density

20.0 °C

7.87 g/cm³

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Mechanical

PropertyTemperatureValue

Elastic modulus

20.0 °C

211 GPa

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Hardness, Brinell

20.0 °C

490 [-]

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Poisson's ratio

20.0 °C

0.29 [-]

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Tensile strength

20.0 °C

540 MPa

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Thermal

PropertyTemperatureValue

Melting point

1538 °C

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Specific heat capacity

20.0 °C

449 J/(kg·K)

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Thermal conductivity

20.0 °C

79 W/(m·K)

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Electrical

PropertyTemperatureValue

Electrical resistivity

20.0 °C

9.7E-8 Ω·m

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