Copper

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Description

The two most important properties of copper are its high electrical conductivity (which is the highest of any metal) and its high thermal conductivity. These two properties make it the best choice for the construction of conducting wires, heat dissipators and exchangers, and cooking ware, among other things. The combination of its chemical stability towards water and gas, along with its high ductility make it the best choice for both water and gas piping. The only drawback is its price, which is higher than other options, but it makes up by being the best alternative for many uses.

This material data has been provided by Matmatch.

All metrics apply to room temperature unless otherwise stated. SI units used unless otherwise stated.
Equivalent standards are similar to one or more standards provided by the supplier. Some equivalent standards may be stricter whereas others may be outside the bounds of the original standard.

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Properties

General

PropertyTemperatureValue

Density

20.0 °C

9 g/cm³

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Mechanical

PropertyTemperatureValue

Elastic modulus

20.0 °C

120 GPa

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Hardness, Brinell

20.0 °C

874 [-]

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Poisson's ratio

20.0 °C

0.34 [-]

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Tensile strength

20.0 °C

320 MPa

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Thermal

PropertyTemperatureValue

Melting point

1080 °C

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Specific heat capacity

20.0 °C

390 J/(kg·K)

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Thermal conductivity

20.0 °C

390 W/(m·K)

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Electrical

PropertyTemperatureValue

Electrical resistivity

20.0 °C

1.7E-8 Ω·m

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