Dr. Merlin Seifert, Daniel Kipp
New oil and gas deposits are being identified at great depths under the sea. The tools used to explore these deposits are exposed to various rock formations and aggressive media that react with the tools in use. Depending on the challenging environmental conditions, special high-strength steels with high corrosion resistance are required. Many applications in oil and gas exploration take place under sour service conditions. Furthermore, the risk of corrosion is often increased by the presence of chlorides. These aggressive media constantly attack the extraction equipment. Typical corrosion phenomena are sulfide stress cracking (SSC), pitting and stress corrosion cracking (SCC).
Steadily increasing requirements for material properties lead to ongoing research and development of materials in order to encounter corrosion in particular. The focus often lies on coatings or modified alloy compositions. For instance, rotors used in downhole motors are hard-faced with tungsten carbide or hard chrome-plated in order to improve wear and corrosion resistance. Coatings can completely change the properties of a component and be well adapted to its requirements. Another alternative is the use of application-oriented and qualified material.
With Corrodur 4418 Mod (Super 13 Cr), Deutsche Edelstahlwerke offers users a material solution whose performance exceeds that of conventional chromium steels such as 1.4006 (AISI 410) and 1.4021 (AISI 420). This high-performance steel is characterized by high strength, outstanding toughness and good resistance to pitting and stress corrosion. With a tensile strength of at least 125 ksi (862 MPa), yield strength of at least 110 ksi (758 MPa) and toughness of at least 60 ft-lbs (81 J) at 14 °F (-10 °C), Corrodur 4418 Mod is by far superior to conventional 13 % chrome steels. Corrosion properties of Corrodur 4418 Mod are equally impressive. Extensive tests did not result in any signs of intercrystalline corrosion according to ASTM A 262 Prac. A and Prac. E, as was expected. In addition, tests performed according to NACE TM0177 and NACE TM0316 regarding SSC and SCC using application-oriented media were passed successfully. This enabled the steel to be qualified by Equinor ASA (formerly Statoil ASA) as well as a growing number of other end consumers.
Figure 2: Mechanical properties relevant for approval
Interested in learning more about Special Steels for Oil & Gas Exploration? Contact DEW today with your questions.
Deutsche Edelstahlwerke (DEW) is one of the world’s leading producers and processors of special steel long products and belongs to the Swiss Steel Group. In the three materials groups – engineering steel, tool steel and stainless, acid and heat resistant steel – Deutsche Edelstahlwerke offers international customers a uniquely wide range of product dimensions, from drawn wire with a diameter of 4.5 mm to open-die forgings with a diameter of 1,100 mm. As a partner with technical competence in steel, Deutsche Edelstahlwerke develops innovative, individual special steel solutions for complex high-tech applications and offers services ranging from steelmaking to extensive steel processing and steel finishing.
Our Green Steel is produced with low CO2 in the electric arc furnace with electricity from 100% renewable energy sources and from recycled scrap. It only produces about 110 kg of CO2 per ton of crude steel, which is over 90% below the global average!
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Through continuous improvement processes we have been working for years to reduce CO2 emissions in our own production. As a result, energy consumption in the company has been reduced by almost 100 million KWh/a in recent years and CO2 emissions by around 30,000 t/a as a result..
Deutsche Edelstahlwerke is the leading producer of long high-grade steel products. The products range from drawn wire with a diameter of 5.0 mm all the way to forged products with a diameter of 1100 mm.
This wide product range makes our offering unique in the world and gives our customers a decisive advantage: with us, they can get everything from a single source.
As one of the world's largest producers of tool steel, we supply exactly the steels that our customers need for their individual products, with properties accurately tailored to the respective application.
Stainless, acid and heat-resistant steels from Deutsche Edelstahlwerke are always in demand when extreme technical requirements are imposed on the material. Because of their outstanding chemical corrosion and mechanical properties, these steel grades are particularly used in the chemical industry, mechanical engineering, the food processing industry, power engineering, medical equipment, traffic engineering and the offshore sector.
Automotive engineering, mechanical engineering and gearbox construction would today be almost inconceivable without high-grade structural steels and anti-friction bearing steels from Deutsche Edelstahlwerke. Made-to-measure processing and service properties are achieved by precise setting of the chemical composition and by special production and test conditions.
Ferro-Titanit is the name of the carbide-alloyed materials of Deutsche Edelstahlwerke produced by powder metallurgy, uniting the properties of steel and cemented carbides.
Corrodur 4418 Mod (Super 13 Cr) outperforms conventional chromium steels such as 1.4006 (AISI 410) and 1.4021 (AISI 420). This high-performance steel is characterized by high strength, outstanding toughness and good resistance to pitting and stress corrosion.