AA Standards Grade 2024 T3

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Description

Aluminum AA 2024, known for its use in aircraft industry, is an alloy that offers excellent strength. When in the annealed condition it is readily formed and has good machinability. Though it has a relatively low level of corrosion resistance, it can be machined to a high finish.

Related Standards

Equivalent Materials

This material data has been provided by AluKey,MakeItFrom.com,ASM Handbook Volume 2 Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials,Matmatch,WroughtAl_ElectricalResistivity,Righton Blackburns.

All metrics apply to room temperature unless otherwise stated. SI units used unless otherwise stated.
Equivalent standards are similar to one or more standards provided by the supplier. Some equivalent standards may be stricter whereas others may be outside the bounds of the original standard.

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Properties

General

PropertyValueConditionRelated StandardsShape

Density

2.78 g/cm³

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

3.0 g/cm³

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T3

2.78 g/cm³

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T3

2.77 g/cm³

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T3

2.74 g/cm³

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T3

Bar

Mechanical

PropertyTemperatureValueConditionRelated StandardsShapeComment

Bending Fatigue Strength

140.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards

Elastic modulus

73.0 GPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

73 GPa

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T3

72.4 GPa

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T3

Elongation

18.0 %

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T3

AA Standards

A50

12.0 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210

A50

15.0 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209

A50

10.0 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

A50

10.0 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B210

A100

9.0 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

A100

7.0 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

A100

12.0 %

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T3

18.0 %

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T3

10.0 - 12.0 %

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T3

Bar

370 °C

100 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

315 °C

75 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

260 °C

55 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

205 °C

23 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

150 °C

11 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

100 °C

16 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

24 °C, 0 °C, -80 °C

17 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

-195 °C

18 %

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T3

Elongation in 50 mm

Hardness, Brinell

120.0 [-]

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T3

AA Standards

120.0 [-]

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T3

500 kg load, 10 mm ball

Plane-Strain Fracture Toughnes

22.0 - 35.0 MPa·√m

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Typical for Wrought 2000 Series Aluminium

Poisson's ratio

0.33 [-]

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T3

Shear modulus

28.0 GPa

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T3

Tensile strength

485.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards

435.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209

440.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B210

395.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

415.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

450.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

470.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

480.0 MPa

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T3

393.0 - 483.0 MPa

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T3

Bar

370 °C

35 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

315 °C

52 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

260 °C

75 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

205 °C

185 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

150 °C

380 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

100 °C

455 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

24 °C

483 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

0 °C

495 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

-80 °C

503 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

-195 °C

585 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture

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Yield strength

345.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards

RP02

290.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

RP02

305.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

RP02

315.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

RP02

330.0 MPa

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B241

RP02

290.0 - 358.0 MPa

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T3

Bar

RP02

370 °C

28 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

315 °C

41 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

260 °C

62 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

205 °C

138 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

150 °C

310 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

100 °C

331 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

24 °C

345 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

0 °C

352 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

-80 °C

359 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

-195 °C

427 MPa

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T3

up to 10000 h at temperature, at 35 MPa/min to yield strength and then at strain rate of 5%/min to fracture, RP02

330.0 MPa

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T3

345.0 MPa

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T3

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Thermal

PropertyTemperatureValueConditionShapeRelated Standards

Coefficient of thermal expansion

2.3e-05 1/K

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T3

2.29e-05 1/K

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T3

2.31e-05 1/K

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T3

Bar

100 °C, 20 °C

2.3199999999999998e-05 1/K

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Melting point

505.0 - 635.0 °C

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

500.0 °C

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T3

640.0 °C

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T3

Bar

Specific heat capacity

870.0 J/(kg·K)

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T3

875.0 J/(kg·K)

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T3

Thermal conductivity

121.0 - 193.0 W/(m·K)

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

120.0 W/(m·K)

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T3

121.0 W/(m·K)

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T3

Bar

Electrical

PropertyValueConditionRelated StandardsShapeComment

Electrical conductivity

17000000.0 - 29000000.0 S/m

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

17000000 S/m

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T3

Typical value

Electrical resistivity

3.45e-08 - 5.88e-08 Ω·m

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

5.8999999999999986e-08 Ω·m

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T3

Typical value

5.75e-08 Ω·m

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T3

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Specific Electrical conductivity

29.0 % IACS

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T3

Typical/Derived value

Chemical properties

PropertyValueConditionRelated StandardsShapeComment

Aluminium

90.7 - 94.7 %

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T3

Chromium

0.1 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

Copper

3.8 - 4.9 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

Iron

0.50 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

0.5 %

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T3

Bar

Magnesium

1.2 - 1.8 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

Manganese

0.3 - 0.9 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

Other

0.15 %

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T3

Bar

Total

Silicon

0.5 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

Titanium

0.15 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

Zinc

0.25 %

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T3

AA Standards, ASTM B209, ASTM B210, ASTM B241

Bar

Zirconium

0.2 %

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T3

Technological properties

Property
Application areas

Aerospace

Brazing

general: no brazing is known or developed

Corrosion properties

Stress corrosion cracking: Betriebsschäden in Gebieten mit Zugspannungen quer zur Kornstruktur, Eingeschränkte Schäden an Laborproben (T4,T3, T351, T3510, T3511), d (T6, T861, T81, T851, T8510, T8511), general: sufficient, in principle it should be protected

General machinability

General: poor (O), good to acceptable

Workability

general (condition): poor(T4, T3, T351, T3510, T3511, T6), not suitable (T361, T861, T81, T851, T8510, T8511)