EN 10025-2 Grade S235JR normalized or normalized formed (+N)



The hot rolled, unalloyed quality steel S235JR is applicated for welding constructions. The steel is not intended for heat treatment. Stress relieving annealing is allowed. Products in the delivery condition +N may be hot formed and/or normalized after delivery. For long products and continuous rolled flats the delivery condition is up to the producer +AR, +N or +M. The delivery condition of four-high rolled sheet is also up to the producer and may be +AR or +N. Both conditions can be ordered. For this steel are available (mat. no 1.0122, S235JRC) grades for folding, roll forming to shape and cold drawing.

Related Standards

Equivalent Materials



Density ρ

7.85 g/cm³ at 20 °C


Elastic modulus E

217 GPa at -100 °C

Show chart

Elongation A

21 - 26 % at 20 °C

Elongation A80 A80

17 - 21 % at 20 °C

Elongation A80, transverse A80,trans

15 - 19 % at 20 °C

Elongation, transverse A

21 - 24 % at 20 °C

Poisson's ratio ν

0.28 [-] at 20 °C

Shear modulus G

75 - 80 GPa at 20 °C

Typical for Carbon Steel

Tensile strength Rm

340 - 510 MPa at 20 °C

Yield strength YS

175 - 235 MPa at 20 °C

Show chart


Coefficient of thermal expansion α

1.08E-5 1/K at -100 °C

Show chart

Max service temperature Tmax

500 °C

Typical for Carbon Steel

Melting point Tm

1480 - 1526 °C

Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Specific heat capacity cp

423 J/(kg·K) at -100 °C

Show chart

Thermal conductivity λ

56.9 W/(m·K) at 20 °C

Show chart

Thermal diffusivity αdiff

15.7 mm²/s at 20 °C

Show chart


Electrical resistivity ρel

1.83E-7 Ω·m at 20 °C

Show chart


Curie temperature Tc

770 °C at 20 °C

Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Chemical properties


Weight %



1.4 %


0.55 %


0.17 %


0.04 %


0.04 %


This material data has been provided by WIAM.

All metrics apply to room temperature unless otherwise stated. SI units used unless otherwise stated.
Equivalent standards are similar to one or more standards provided by the supplier. Some equivalent standards may be stricter whereas others may be outside the bounds of the original standard.