EN 10270-2 Grade VDC oil quenched and tempered

Want to keep this datasheet? Save it now in your required format


The round, oil hardened and tempered carbon steel wire VDC with high fatigue strength and low tensile strength is used mainly for torsion loaded springs (tension and compression springs) mostly at room temperature. It will be delivered in rings, in coils or as bars and, if not otherwise arranged, thin oiled. Der runde, ölschlußvergütete Ventilfederdraht der Sorte VDC aus unlegiertem Stahl mit hoher Dauerfestigkeit und niedriger Zugfestigkeit wird vorzugsweise verwendet für torsionsbeanspruchte Federn (Zug- und Druckfedern) im allgemeinen bei Raumtemperatur. Der Draht wird in Ringen, auf Spulen oder in Stäben und, wenn nicht anders vereinbart, im leicht geölten Zustand geliefert.

Related Standards

Equivalent Materials

This material data has been provided by WIAM.

All metrics apply to room temperature unless otherwise stated. SI units used unless otherwise stated.
Equivalent standards are similar to one or more standards provided by the supplier. Some equivalent standards may be stricter whereas others may be outside the bounds of the original standard.

Ashby charts

See where falls on the material property chart for against in your materials selection and design process. Our Ashby charts are interactive with more technical data upon clicking. Sign up to get access to this premium feature for free.





23.0 °C

7.8 - 7.9 g/cm³

Show Material materials with Density of 7.8 - 7.9 g/cm³

Typical for High Carbon Steel



Elastic modulus

20.0 °C

206 GPa

Show Material materials with Elastic modulus of 206 GPa

Poisson's ratio

23.0 °C

0.29 [-]

Show Material materials with Poisson's ratio of 0.29 [-]

Typical for High Carbon Steel

Reduction of area

20.0 °C

38 - 50 %

Show Material materials with Reduction of area of 38 - 50 %

Shear modulus

20.0 °C

79.5 - 81.5 GPa

Show Material materials with Shear modulus of 79.5 - 81.5 GPa

Tensile strength

20.0 °C

1390 - 2000 MPa

Show Material materials with Tensile strength of 1390 - 2000 MPa



Coefficient of thermal expansion

23.0 °C

1.32E-5 1/K

Show Material materials with Coefficient of thermal expansion of 1.32E-5 1/K

Typical for High Carbon Steel

Max service temperature

500 °C

Show Material materials with Max service temperature of 500 °C

Typical for Carbon Steel

Melting point

1289 - 1478 °C

Show Material materials with Melting point of 1289 - 1478 °C

Typical for High Carbon Steel

Specific heat capacity

23.0 °C

486 J/(kg·K)

Show Material materials with Specific heat capacity of 486 J/(kg·K)

Typical for High Carbon Steel

Thermal conductivity

23.0 °C

36 W/(m·K)

Show Material materials with Thermal conductivity of 36 W/(m·K)

Typical for High Carbon Steel



Electrical resistivity

23.0 °C

1.43E-7 - 1.74E-7 Ω·m

Show Material materials with Electrical resistivity of 1.43E-7 - 1.74E-7 Ω·m

Typical for Carbon Steel

Chemical properties



0.6 - 0.75 %

Show Material materials with Carbon of 0.6 - 0.75 %


0.06 %

Show Material materials with Copper of 0.06 %


0.5 - 1 %

Show Material materials with Manganese of 0.5 - 1 %


0.02 %

Show Material materials with Phosphorus of 0.02 %


0.15 - 0.3 %

Show Material materials with Silicon of 0.15 - 0.3 %


0.02 %

Show Material materials with Sulfur of 0.02 %

Technological properties